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CURRENT PROGRAMS

Our diverse range of projects span Asia-Pacific and Africa.

 

Kwale, Kenya

KENYA

Kwale Agribusiness Program

LOCATION

PROJECT DETAILS

Products: Cotton, grain, pulses, and livestock including stock feed

Program phase: Scale

Key program partners: Base Titanium, Cotton On Group, and Kwale County Government

THE CHALLENGE

Since 2014, Business for Development with Base Titanium have worked with Kwale farmers to transition them from subsistence farming to more sustainable practices. Each farmer faced significant challenges in accessing quality farm inputs and achieving fair prices for their products. Focus has been on:

  • Improving farmer proficiency in food and cash crops through training in Good Agronomic Practices.

  • Providing access to credit for procuring farm inputs facilitated through the Cooperative Bank of Kenya and Kinondo Financial Services.

  • Applying fresh approaches to the preparation of stockfeed and its distribution to drive expansion of community based, small-scale poultry operations. 

  • Establishing PAVI Kwale Farmers’ Co-operative Limited, an entity entirely owned and operated by the farmers and structured to facilitate connections to market  through which farmers are provided access to farm inputs and services.

  • Delivering agricultural-related information through digital services and establishing an agricultural first-mile digital platform to allow traceability of the cotton throughout the supply chain, down to the farmer-level.  

  • Producing cotton in accordance with COMPACI, the guidelines underpinning ‘Cotton Made in Africa’. Providing companies sourcing cotton with assurance of ethical, sustainable, single-origin cotton.

  • Developing a partnership ecosystem including, Cotton On Group, who are purchasing all cotton; National and Local Government and supporting their policy frameworks; and Kinondo Financial Services, who are providing input loans to facilitate access to better farm inputs, such as seeds.

In 2020 – with a growing number of farmers joining PAVI and increasing demand for many of the commodities produced by the community (particularly sustainable cotton) –    the program is on the cusp of significant growth. Achieving scale and impact will require investment and additional support to reach the programs full potential.

THE APPROACH

The program replication and scale will be achieved through:

  • Improving farmer proficiency in food and cash crops through training in Good Agronomic Practices. Leveraging improved cotton and poultry genetics.

  • Providing access to credit for procuring farm inputs facilitated through the Cooperative Bank of Kenya and Kinondo Financial Services.

  • Applying fresh approaches to the preparation of stockfeed and its distribution to drive expansion of community based, small-scale poultry operations. 

  • Enabling PAVI Kwale Farmers’ Co-operative Limited, an entity entirely owned and operated by the farmers, to scale-up and support more farmers across Kenya. 

  • Delivering agricultural-related information through digital services and establishing an agricultural first-mile digital platform to allow traceability of the cotton throughout the supply chain, down to the farmer-level. 

  • Producing cotton in accordance with COMPACI, the guidelines underpinning ‘Cotton Made in Africa’. Providing companies sourcing cotton with assurance of ethical, sustainable, single-origin cotton.

  • Developing a strong partnership with Cotton On Group, a multinational clothing retail company. Cotton On Group has supported the program from the very start, and in 2020 it is expected the sustainably produced, single source cotton will be in their clothing.

 

To further increase farmer income, a ginnery will be established at the PAVI Business Park. The gin will be owned by PAVI, thus providing the community greater control of its cotton and its by-products, as they enter the global supply chain or sell into local markets.

THE RESULTS

  • To date the program has directly benefited 5,500 farmers. It is expected by 2024  the program will be providing benefit to over 30,000 farmers drawn from many additional Kenyan communities.

  • Through working with the Kenyan Government, the program will assist in realising the  Government’s  Big Four Agenda as a driver of both rural and manufacturing employment.

  • Increased community interest in, and superior margins from, conducting small-scale poultry production. This will assist in addressing immediate challenges with both food and household income security. Plus, with women being the key farmer in poultry production, it will provide a means for them to earn a sustainable income.  

  • The ultimate goal is to position ‘Kenyan Cotton’ as a trusted brand in global markets – signifying high quality, ethical and sustainable standards. Cotton produced by smallholder farmers will enter protected supply chains and global markets, thus reducing uncertainty and improving smallholder resilience

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

Community Piggery Enterprise, PNG

LOCATION

Papua New Guinea

PROJECT DETAILS

Products: Pigs and pig feed

Program phase: Implement

Key program partners: Oil Search Ltd, Landowner Companies: Trans Wonderland Ltd, Gigira Development Corporation, Mananda Umbrella Joint Venture and PNG Mining and Petroleum Hospitality Services.

THE CHALLENGE

While more than 80% of PNG population are engaged in subsistence agriculture, widespread malnutrition is stubbornly evident. Traditional diets include sweet potato, cassava, taro and sago – foods high in starch but low in protein. 

Some of the best access to protein is via livestock, and especially pigs. Despite the country being well suited for livestock, production has been in decline due to poor management and low support of the industry. The cost of feed is also another major inhibitor to production, and an integrated farm management approach is required to produce local feed.   

The program has been established in Hela Province (part of the Highlands), a remote Province with high levels of poverty and, over the past decade, increasing levels of tribal violence.

The program partners (a combination of local landowner companies and Oil Search) share a vision – to create a transformative piggery investment delivering both commercial and community outcomes in the Highlands. To achieve this vision, the partners are committed to building a Community Piggery Enterprise (CPE) with investment support.

THE APPROACH

The CPE will use a proven feed formulation developed by Busines for Development over a number of years at the PNG model farm funded by Oil Search Ltd. The feed formulation will be composed of 100% local produce by commercialising kau kau and cassava production creating economic opportunities for the piggery, community outgrowers, and feed production. The first CPE will be established in the Hela Province.  The feed is designed with community outcomes as a focal point, supported by improved genetics, agronomic disciplines, and scientifically backed fermentation for superior nutrition.

With the application of funding for a Highlands-based program the program allows for:

  • Train villagers in pig feeding, housing and health management.

  • Grow, according to good agronomic practice, kau kau and other crops that can be fed to pigs.

  • Construction of a piggery (up to 200 sows when fully developed) and outgrower training facility  farm to produce pigs to six weeks of age.

  • Develop infrastructure to support preparation of kau kau silage for this site and to supplement kau kau supply from feed farmers to  the 180 outgrowers who will grow the pigs to sale age at around 24 weeks.

  • Construction of the outgrower operating models, from pig houses to finance to digital tools to improve outcomes and generate community impact.

  • Provide technical services to support the feed farmers and outgrowers.

  • Construct an abattoir to process carcasses and box ready retail cuts.

  • Develop local, regional and national sales through butcher shops, supermarkets and food service with possible expansion to export development.

THE RESULTS

As a result of the CPE there is potential to improve protein supply and food security, expand enterprise opportunities for communities, aid in the reduction of law and order issues, and provide a sustainable model for agricultural development.

With funding support, the CPE will progress to create a new market and brand - ‘from feed to fork, 100% Highland village pork’.

 
 

MYANMAR

Market and Opportunity Analysis to Guide Market-Led Development of the Myanmar Pulse Sector, Myanmar

LOCATION

MAYANMAR

PROJECT DETAILS

Products: Pulses

Program phase: Research

Key program partners: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)

THE CHALLENGE

Myanmar’s pulses sector is currently vulnerable to market fluctuations given its heavy reliance on India and China as trade partners – 70% of Myanmar’s exports by volume of the ‘big four’ pulse types (black gram, green gram, chickpea and pigeon pea) are exported to the two countries. The pulses sector has historically been production-focused, with little pressure to consider demand drivers given its two strong trade partners. However, both India and China are making concerted efforts towards self-sufficiency, creating the need for Myanmar to build greater resilience in its pulses and broader agriculture sectors.

Market development is critical to shifting the pulses sector to become demand-driven, identifying untapped or underutilised markets as well as value addition opportunities. A demand-driven pulses sector will help improve the sector’s resilience and ultimately improve the resilience of smallholder farmers.

This program follows on from the Myanmar Private Sector Agribusiness Landscape Analysis conducted in 2018-19.

THE APPROACH

Research, analysis and stakeholder engagement to answer the following research questions:

  • What are the top domestic and international market opportunities available to the Myanmar pulse industry based on the extent of value chain improvements required to access these opportunities and distribution of value along the value chain, prioritising the return to smallholder farmers?

  • What improvements in the value chain are required, which stakeholders contribute to improvement challenges and which are best positioned to drive the changes required to access top market opportunities?

  • What improvements in the enabling environment are required, which stakeholders contribute to improvement challenges and which are best positioned to drive the changes?

THE RESULTS

The aim of the pulses market development analysis is to understand Myanmar’s export/domestic market opportunities – involving the identification of potential trade partners, understanding which pulse types or pulse alternatives are in demand (current and future), identifying value add opportunities for pulses and understanding how much customers are willing to pay for each of these commodities.

A value chain analysis will identify areas which require investment to better access existing and new market opportunities, and to maximise benefits returned to smallholder farmers.

 

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

Tabar Group of Islands Co-Operative Cocoa Program, PNG

LOCATION

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

PROJECT DETAILS

Products: Cocoa

Program phase: Implement

Key program partners: St Barbara Ltd, Simberi Mine Services Ltd

THE CHALLENGE

Picturesque and isolated, the Tabar Group of Islands (TGI) in New Ireland, PNG, is home to the Simberi Gold Mine operated by St Barbara since 2012. The mine has brought a significant increase in economic opportunities for the local community. On closure of the mine, an independent economic future for the community needs to be developed to ensure the community continues to thrive. 

THE APPROACH

In 2018 an Options Study was conducted to assess potential agricultural opportunities that met local agronomic conditions plus logistical challenges, and have a strong return on investment for the local community. Cocoa was viewed as a viable opportunity.  

B4D is working with St Barbara’s Environment and Community Relations teams to:

  • Establish a community owned cocoa business

  • Create a centralised nursery, cocoa production, and cocoa processing on Simberi Island before shipment to an offtake partner.

  • Train farmers in good agronomic practices.

  • Build the business eco-system, so when St Barbara closes, the community is independent and the program continues.

  • Develop offtake partnership for future cocoa production.

THE RESULTS

The program will enable St Barbara to create a positive legacy for the region by transforming the future through cocoa enterprise for the local communities. Through collaboration with other regional stakeholders, St Barbara are demonstrating leadership in what may become a broader provincial economic development plan.

MONGOLIA

Traceable Cashmere,
Mongolia

LOCATION

MONGOLIA

PROJECT DETAILS

Products: Cashmere

Program phase: Research 

Key program partners: Rio Tinto, Stuart Antsee & Consultants

THE CHALLENGE

The implementation of a traceability system is a key building block in working towards credibility for cashmere produced under the South Gobi Cashmere (SGC) Project, helping SGC differentiate cashmere produced by its herders and attracting more brands, creating greater financial resilience for the overall program. As a result, long-term independence and financial sustainability can be achieved for herders and the environment.

There are numerous traceability systems in the market. As cashmere is a complex supply chain, the research conducted reviewed products on the market and recommended an off-the-shelf traceability system that was fit for purpose.

THE APPROACH

Business for Development was engaged to complete a traceability system assessment for SGC to support the work being undertaken by SGC to develop a sustainable cashmere supply chain. The assessment was conducted in two phases:

Phase 1 – A cross-section of stakeholders was interviewed to determine stakeholder perceptions and priorities, taking into consideration SGC’s current and future supply chains. Desk research was also completed to complement interview insights, with the final output of this first phase being an understanding of SGC’s requirements for a traceability system.

Phase 2 – The cashmere industry requirements from phase 1 of this assessment were consolidated and expanded upon to develop a set of five criteria, which were used to assess a shortlist of traceability systems.

THE RESULTS

Three traceability systems were compared against SGC requirements, incorporating the output of stakeholder interviews and desk research. Business for Developments recommendation was based on the company’s track record, diversity of customers currently using the platform, and the platform’s focus on customer engagement, a key priority for the brands working with SGC. Discussions are currently underway regarding a potential pilot.

 
 

MOZAMBIQUE

Crop Diversification Program, Mozambique

LOCATION

MOZAMBIQUE

PROJECT DETAILS

Products: Cotton, Maize, Potato, Stockfeed & Poultry

Program phase: Implement 

Key program partners: Phillip Morris International, Mozambique Leaf Company

THE CHALLENGE

Phillip Morris International (PMI) recognises that farmers that supply them tobacco leaf across the world face significant market issues as demand for tobacco decreases. The business understands the importance of transitioning these farmers to other high value commodities and off-take arrangements, otherwise their livelihood and food security will be significantly impacted.

Worldwide, there are currently around 300,000 farmers that supply to PMI, and the Mozambican farmers are the first cohort the business is working with to transition on to other viable commodities.  

THE APPROACH

Business for Development is working with PMI and Mozambique Leaf Company to:

  • Develop viable, high-value alternative commodities that are internationally competitive and offer farmers a realistic choice of how to allocate their resources. To date work has been done with farmers to produce cotton to be exported to either Kenya or Bangladesh, and both yellow maize and potato for a multinational cereal and snack company.

  • Safeguards for nutritional security is being established through developing locally produced stock feed using ingredients secured from the bi-products from cotton, maize and other crops grown locally. This improves farmers income potential, and also provides a viable means for farmers (especially women) to grow chickens and eggs – an important source of protein. Trials are currently being conducted on the viability of small-scale poultry production.

  • The initial trials in 2018/19 demonstrated excellent results in maize, cotton and potato. Work is currently being conducted to expand the number of farmers participating in the program as they transition off leaf production.

THE RESULTS

The program is in its early days, however, with strong relationship with buyers established and excellent yields in terms of quality and quantity, the program is set scale-up and attain the ultimate goal of improving farmer livelihoods, increasing food security and ensuring long-term sustainable incomes for the communities.

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